References I

Journals and Books

  • Álvarez-Pérez,G., Busquets, P., De Mol, B., Sandoval, N., Canals, N. and Casamor, J. (2005) Deep-water coral occurrences in the Strait of Gibraltar. In: Freidwald, A. and Roberts, J.M. (Eds), Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 207-221.
  • Armstrong, C.W. and Van den Hove, S. (2008) The formation of policy for protection of cold-water coral off the coast of Norway. Marine Policy, 32, 1, 66-73.
  • Auster, P. J. (2005) Are deep-water corals important habitats for fishes? In: Freidwald, A., and Roberts, J.M. (Eds), Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 747-760.
  • Barry, J.P., Buck, K.R., Lovera, C.F., Kuhnz, L., Whaling, P.J., Peltzer, E.T., Walz, P. and Brewer, P.G. (2004) Effects of direct ocean CO2 injection on deep-sea meiofauna. Journal of Oceanography, 60, 759–766.
  • Boersma, P.D. and Parrish, J.K. (1999) Limiting abuse: marine protected areas, a limited solution. Ecological Economics, 3, 2, 287–304. In: Davies, A.J., Roberts, J.M.,  Hall-Spencer, J. (2007) Preserving deep-sea natural heritage: Emerging issues in offshore conservation and management. Biological Conservation, 138, 299-312.
  • Breeze, H. and Fenton, D.G. (2007) Designing management measures to protect cold-water corals off Nova Scotia, Canada. Bulletin of Marine Science, 81, 1, 123-133.
  • Brooke, S. and Young, C. M. (2005) Embryogenesis and larval biology of the ahermatypic scleractinian Oculina varicosa. Marine Biology, 146, 4, 665-675.
  • Brooke, S., Koenig, C.C. and Shepard, A. N. (undated) Oculina banks restoration project: description and preliminary assessment. Available at http://www.safmc.net/Portals/0/Oculina/Restoration_Brooke.pdf. Accessed 14/12/10.
  • Buhl-Mortensen, L., Vanreusel, A., Gooday, A.J., Levin, L.A., Priede, I.G., Gheerardyn, H., King, N. J. and Raes, M. (2010) Biological structures as a source of habitat heterogeneity and biodiversity on the deep ocean margins. Marine Ecology, 31, 1, 21-50.
  • Caillet, G.M., Andrews, A.H., Burton, E.J., Watters, D.L., Kline, D.E. and Ferry-Graham, L.A. (2001) Age determination and validation studies of marine fishes: do deep-dwellers live longer? Experimental Gerontology, 36, 739–764.
  • Cairns, S.D. (2001) A brief history of taxonomic research on azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, 10, 191-203.
  • Cairns, S.D. (2007) Deep-water corals: an overview with special reference to diversity and distribution of deep-water scleractinian corals. Bulletin of Marine Science, 81,3, 311-322.
  • Cordes, E.E., McGinley, M.P., Podowski,E. L., Becker, E. L, Lessard-Pilon, S.,Viada, S.T., Fisher, C.R. (2008) Coral communities of the deep Gulf of Mexico. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 55, 6, 777-787.
  • Costello, M. J., McCrea, M., Freiwald, A., Lundalv, T., Jonsson, L., Brett, B.J, van Weering,  T.C.E, de Haas, H., Roberts, J.M and Allen, D. ( 2005) Role of cold-water Lophelia pertusa coral reefs as fish habitat in the NE Atlantic. In: Freiwald, A. and Roberts, J.M. (eds.) Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 771-805.
  • Davies, A.J., Roberts, J.M., Hall-Spencer, J. (2007) Preserving deep-sea natural heritage: Emerging issues in offshore conservation and management. Biological Conservation, 138, 3-4, 299-312.
  • Davies, A.J., Wisshak, M., Orr, J. C and Roberts, J.M. (2008) Predicting suitable habitat for the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia). Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 55, 8, 1048-1062. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.04.010
  • Davies, A. J., Duineveld, G., Lavaleye, M., Bergman, M.J., Van Haren, H., and Roberts, J.M. (2009) Downwelling and deep-water bottom currents as food supply mechanisms to the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) at the Mingulay Reef Complex. Limnology and Oceanography, 54, 2, 620–629.
  • De Mol, B., Van Rensbergen ,P., Pillen, S., Van Herreweghe, K.,Van Rooij, D., McDonnell,A., Huvenne,V., Ivanov, M., Swennen, R. and Henriet, J.P. (2002) Large deep-water coral banks in the Porcupine Basin, southwest of Ireland. Marine Geology, 188, 1-2, 193-231.
  • De Santo, E.M. and Jones, P.J.S. (2007) The Darwin Mounds: from undiscovered coral to the development of an offshore marine protected area regime. Bulletin of Marine Science, 81, 1, 147-156.
  • Dodds, L.A.,  Roberts, J.M., Taylor, A.C. and Marubini, F. (2007) Metabolic tolerance of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) to temperature and dissolved oxygen change. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 349, 2, 205-214.
  • D’Onghia, G., Maiorano, P., Sion, L., Giove, A., Capezzuto, F., Carlucci, R. and Tursi, A. (2010) Effects of deep-water coral banks on the abundance and size structure of the megafauna in the Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research II, 57, 397-411.
  • Etnoyer, P. and Morgan, L. (2005) Habitat-forming deep-sea corals in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. In: Freidwald, A and Roberts, J.M (Eds) Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 331- 343.
  • Fleeger, J.W., Carman, K.R., Weisenhorn, P.B., Sofranko, H., Marshall, T., Thistle, D. and Barry, J.P.(2006) Simulated sequestration of anthropogenic carbon dioxide at a deep-sea site: Effects on nematode abundance and biovolume. Deep-Sea Research I, 53, 1135–1147.
  • Foley, N.S., van Rensburg, T.M. and Armstrong, C.W.(2010) The ecological and economic value of cold-water coral ecosystems. Ocean & Coastal Management, 53, 7, 313-326.
  • Fosså, J.H., Lindberg, B., Christensen, O., Lundälv, T., Svellingen, I., Mortensen, P.B. and Alvsvåg, J. (2005) Mapping of Lophelia reefs in Norway: experiences and survey methods. In: Freiwald, A. and Roberts, J.M. (eds.) Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 359-391.
  • Fosså, J.H., Mortensen, P. B. and Furevik, D.M. (2002) The deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa in Norwegian waters: distribution and fishery impacts. Hydrobiologia, 471, 1-3, 1-12.
  • Foster, A.B, (1980) Environmental Variation in Skeletal Morphology within the Caribbean Reef Corals Montastraea Annularis and Siderastrea Siderea. Bulletin of Marine Science, 30, 3, 678-709.
  • Frederiksen, R,. Jensen, A. and Westerberg, H .(1992) The distribution of the scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa around the Faroe Islands and the relation to internal tidal mixing. Sarsia, 77, 157-171.
  • Freiwald, A., Fosså, J.H., Grehan, A., Koslow, T. and Roberts, J.M. (2004) Cold-Water Coral Reefs. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.
  • Gass, S. E., and Roberts, J.M. (2006) The occurrence of the cold-water coral, Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) on oil and gas platforms in the North Sea: colony growth, recruitment and environmental controls on distribution. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52, 549-559.
  • Gilmore, R. G. and Jones, R.S. (1992) Color variation and associated behavior in the epinepheline groupers, Mycteroperca microlepis (Goode and Bean) and M. phenax Jordan and Swain. Bulletin of Marine Science, 51, 83–103.
  • Glover, A.G. and Smith, C.R.(2003) The deep-sea floor ecosystem: current status and prospects of anthropogenic change by the year 2025. Environmental Conservation, 30, 3, 219–241. doi:10.1017/S0376892903000225



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