Current knowledge about reproduction in deep-water corals is relatively poor but growing numbers of studies suggest variable strategies that differ betweeen groups of corals. Evidence suggests that the majority of scleractinians are gonochoric, producing dispersive larvae (Waller, 2005; Brooke and Stone, 2007).  Between solitary and colonial species, the number of hermaphrodites and gonochoric species varies and reproductive strategies can be interchangeable, such as Carophyllia cornuformis, which cycles between gonochoric and hermaphrodite (Waller, 2005). Spawning events are thought to be cyclical and triggered by changes in temperature for example (Gori et al., 2007).

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