There is growing international awareness that cold water reefs need protecting because they are highly vulnerable environments, commonly situated in exploited areas. Conservation of cold-water coral reefs as with other marine environments is a challenging but important issue. A method for evaluating the conservation of reefs is to analyze the ecological and socio-economic benefits, either directly or indirectly gained from a reef. A recent assessment demonstrates the value of services provided by cold-water reefs and emphasizes that cold-water reefs need conserving (Foley et al., 2010) (Fig.11a).
Conservation and management efforts are hard to apply to cold-water reefs because of the remote locations and lack of information regarding cold-water reefs, but despite these matters, conservation efforts have been implemented globally since the 1990′s (Roberts et al., 2009). The most commonly used methods are outlined in Fig.11b.