References

      Books & Journals: 

  •  Baco, A. R. (2007) Exploration for deep-sea corals on North Pacific seamounts and islands. Oceanography. 20: 108-117.
  • Burgess, S. N., Babcock, R. C. (2005). Reproductive ecology of three reef-forming, deep-sea corals in the New Zealand region. In Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems, ed. A. Freiwald and J. M. Roberts. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. 701–713.
  • Cairns, S.D. (2007) Deep-water corals: an overview with special reference to diversity and distribution of deep-water scleractinian corals. Bulletin of Marine Science, 81,3: 311-322.  
  • Cairns, S. D. and Macintyre, I. G. (1992) Phylogenetic implications of calcium carbonate mineralogy in the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). Palaios. 7: 96–107.   
  • Davies, A. J., Gerard, D., Marc, L., Magda, J. B., Hans, van H, and Roberts, J. M. (2009) Downwelling and deep-water bottom currents as food supply mechanisms to the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) at the Mingulay Reef Complex. Limnol. Oceanogr. 54, 2: 620–629. 
  • De Santo, E., Jones, P. J. S. (2007) The Darwin Mounds: from undiscovered coral to the development of an offshore marine protected area. In: George, R. Y., Cairns S. D. (eds) Conservation and adaptive management of seamount and deep-sea coral ecosystems. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science: 147-156.
  • Dodds L. A., Roberts J. M., Taylor A. C., Marubini, F. (2007) Metabolic tolerance of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) to temperature and dissolved oxygen change. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 349: 205-214.   
  • Freiwald, A., Fosså J. H., Grehan, A., Koslow, T., Roberts, J. M. (2004) Cold-water coral reefs. UNEP-WCMC Biodiversity Series. 22: 1-85.   
  • Henry, L-A., Roberts, J. M. (2007) Biodiversity and ecological composition of macrobenthos on cold-water coral mounds and adjacent off-mound habitat in the bathyal Porcupine Seabight, NE Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research I. 54:654-672. 
  • Keller, N.B. (1976)  The deep sea madreporarian corals of the genus Fungiacyathus from the Kurile Kamchatka, Aleutian trenches and other regions of world ocean. Trudy Instituata Okeanologii. 99: 31-44.  
  • Kaiser, M.J., Attril, M.J., Jennings, S., Thomas, D.N. Barnes, D.K.A., Brierley, A.S., Polunin, N.V.C., Raffaelli, D.G., Williams, P J. le B. (2005) Marine Ecology: Processes, Systems and Impacts. Oxford University Press. 547p   
  • Love, M. S., Yoklavich, M. M., Black, B. A.,  Andrews, A. H. (2007) Age of black coral (Antipathes dendrochristos) colonies, with notes on associated invertebrate species. Bulletin of Marine Science, 80: 391–399. 
  • Mullins H. T., Newton C. R., Heath K., Vanburen H. M. (1981) Modern deep-water coral mounds north of Little Bahama Bank: criteria for recognition of deep-water coral bioherms in the rock record. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 51. 3: 999-1013.
  • Roberts J. M., Wheeler A. J., Freiwald, A. (2006) Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems. Science. 312: 543-547. 
  • Roberts, J. M., Wheeler, A.J., Freiwald, A. and Cairns, S.D. (2009) Cold-water corals: The Biology and Geology  of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 324p
  • Rogers, A. (2004) The Biology, Ecology and Vulnerability of Deep-Water Coral Reefs. Phd British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge. International Union for Conservation of Nature & Natural Resources. 1-13. (Can be Accessed at http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/alexrogers_cbdcop7_deepwatercorals_complete.pd Accessed : [1/12/2010]) 
 

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