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Video reference

Gradinger R (2010) University of Alaska Fairbanks. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=q2zh8pYHfr4

Figure references

1.      Taylor G (2010) Stony Brook University, USA. http://www.esr.org/outreach/polar/why/large/diatom.jpg

2.      Perovich D (2009) Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/SeaIce/

3.       Adapted from: Arrigo KR, Thomas DN (2004) Large scale importance of sea ice biology in the Southern Ocean. Antarctic Science 16:471-486

4.      Adapted from: White S (2005) http://www.sethwhite.org/more%20random%20photos.htm

5.      Kattner G, Thomas DN, Haas C, Kennedy H, Dieckmann GS (2004) Surface ice and gap layers in Antarctic sea ice: highly productive habitats. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 277:1-12

6.      Weissenberger J, Dieckmann G, Gradinger R, Spindler M (1992) Sea ice – a cast technique to examine and analyse brine pockets and channel structure. Limnology and Oceanography 37:179-183

7.  Urmston B (2010) http://www.bylandseaandsky.blogspot.com

8.  Napp J (2007) http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/SeaIce/

9.  Adapted from: Eicken H (1992) Salinity profiles of Antarctic sea ice – Field data and model results. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 97:15545-15557

10.  Muller (2004) http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/lecturesf04am/lect10.htm

11.  Adapted from: Help save the climate (2009) http://www.helpsavetheclimate.com/photosynthesis.html and Yikrazuul (2009) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Diadinoxanthin_cycle.png

12. Krembs C and Deming J (2009) http://www.arctic.noaa.gov

Background:  Adapted from: Perovich D (2009) Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/SeaIce/

Header:  Adapted from: Cziko P (2006) University of Illinois. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anchor_ice_under_sea_ice.JPG

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