Approximately 60% of the Earth’s surface is taken up by oceans and seas (Glover & Smith 2003). It was once an untouched area full of life and colour with colossal abundances of fish and kilometre after kilometre of beautiful coral reefs, however, with the increase in demand for food and fuels, humans have taken to their boats and helped themselves to what the ocean had to offer. This has got worse with time as the demands grew higher and higher, until the mid 1980’s, where fisherman and oil companies took to the deep ocean floor to once again take what wasn’t theirs with no concern for the damage they were causing.

This section will look at some of the anthropogenic activities that has greatly affected cold-water corals

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