References

  • Andrews AH, Cordes EE, Mahoney MM, Munk K, Coale KH, Cailliet GM, Heifetz J (2002) Age, growth and radiometric age validation of a deep-sea, habitat-forming gorgonian (Primnoa resedaeformis) from the Gulf of Alaska. Hydrobiologia, 471, pp. 101-110.
  • Bett BJ (2001) UK Atlantic Margin environmental survey: introduction and overview of bathyal benthic ecology. Continental Shelf Research, 21, pp. 917-956.
  • Boerborn CM, Smith JE, Risk MJ (1998) Bioerosion and micritization in the deep-sea coral Desmophyllum cristagalli. Historical Biology, 13. Pp. 53-60.
  • Brooke S, Young CM (2003) Reproductive ecology of a deep-water scleractinian coral, Oculina varicose, from the southeast Florida shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 23, pp. 847-858.
  • Buddermeier RW, Kinzie RA (1976) Coral growth. Oceanography and Marine Biology – An Annual Review, 14, pp. 183-225.
  • Buhl-Mortensen L, Mortensen PB (2004) Symbiosis in deep-water corals. Symbiosis, 37, pp. 33-61.
  • Davies AJ (2010) Cold-water coral lecture notes, extreme marine habitats. Bangor University.
  • Davies AJ, Duineveld GCA, Lavaleye MSS, Bergman MJN, van Haren H, Roberts JM (2009) Downwelling and deep-water bottom currents as food supply mechanisms to the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) at the Mingulay Reef complex.
  • Davies AJ, Wisshak M, Orr JC, Roberts JM (2008) Predicting suitable habitat for the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia), Deep-sea Reasearch, 55. Pp. 1048-1062.
  • De Backer A (2002) The biodiversity of the macrofauna associated with the cold-water coral Lophelia in the Porcupine Sea bight.
  • Dons C (1944) Norges korallrev. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab. Forhandlinger, 16, pp. 37-82.
  • Flach E, Thomsen L (1998) Do physical and chemical factors structure the macrobenthic community at a continental slop in the NE Atlantic? Hydrobiologia 376, pp. 265-285.
  • Frederiksen R, Jensen A, Westerberg H (1992) The distribution of the scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa around the Faroe Islands and the relation to internal tidal mixing. Sarsia 77, pp. 157-171.
  • Freiwald A (2002) Reef-forming cold-water corals. In: Wefer G, Billett D, Hebbeln D, Jorgensen BB, Schluter M, van Weering TCE, Editors, Ocean Margin Systems, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York (2002) pp 365-385.
  • Freiwald A, Fossa JH, Grehan A, Koslow T, Roberts JM (2004) Cold-water coral reefs. Out of sight. UNEP-WCMC-Report, Cambridge.
  • Gage JD, Lamont PA, Kroeger K, Paterson GLJ, Vecino JLG (2000) Patterns in deep-sea macrobenthos at the continental margin: Standing crop, diversity and faunal change on the continental slope off Scotland. Hydrobiologia 440, pp. 261-271.
  • Glover AG, Smith CR (2003) The deep-sea floor ecosystem: current status and prospects of anthropogenic change by the year 2025. Environmental Conservation, 30, pp. 219-241.
  • Henry LA, Roberts JM (2007) Biodiversity and ecological composition of macrobenthos on cold-water coral mounds and adjacent off-mound habitat in the bathyal Porcupine Seabight, NE Atlantic, Deep-Sea Research, 54, pp. 654-672.
  • Howland M, Mortensen PB, Thomsen E, Brattegard T (1997) Substratum-related ahermatypic coral banks on the Norwegian continental self. Proceeding of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama City, 2, pp. 1203-1206.
  • Hughes DJ, Gage JD (2004) Benthic metazoan biomass, community structure and bioturbation at three contrasting deep-water sites on the northwest European continental margin. Prog. Oceanogr. 63, pp. 29-55.
  • Krieger KJ, Wing BL (2002) Megafauna associations with deep-water corals (Primnoa spp.) in the Gulf of Alaska. Hydrobiologia, 471, pp. 83-90.
  • Mortensen PB (2001) Aquarium observations on the deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa (L., 1758) (Scleractinia) and selected associated invertebrates. Ophelia, 54, pp. 83-104.
  • Reed JK (1981) In situ growth rates of the scleractinian coral Oculina varicose occurring with zooxanthellae on 6-m reefs and without on 80-m banks, Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, 2, pp. 201-206, Manila
  • Roberts JM, Long D, Wilson JB, Mortensen PB, Gage JD (2003) The cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) and enigmatic seabed mounds along the north-east Atlantic margin: are they related? Mar. Poll. Bull, 46, pp. 7-20.
  • Roberts JM, Wheeler A, Freiwald A, Cairns S (2009) Cold-Water Corals, Cambridge University Press.
  • Roberts JM, Wheeler AJ, Freiwald A (2006) Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems, Science 312, pp 543-547.
  • Roberts JM, Wheeler AJ, Freiwald A, Cairns SD (2009) Cold-water Corals. The Biology and Geology of Deep-sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 336 pp.
  • Rogers AD (1999) The biology of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758) and other deep-water reef-forming corals and impacts from human activities. International Revue of Hydrobiology, 84, pp. 315-406.
  • Stromgren T (1971) Vertical and horizontal distribution of Lophelia pertusa (Linne) in Trondheimsfjorden on the west coast of Norway. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, 6, pp. 1-9.
  • van der Laan JD, Hogeweg P (1992) Waves of crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks – where do they come from? Coral Reefs, 11, pp. 207-213.
  • Waller R (2005) Deep-water Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa): current knowledge of reproductive processes. In: Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems (eds Freiwald A, Roberts JM), Springer Publishing House, Heidelberg, Germany.
  • Wheeler A, Beyer A, Freiwald A, de Haas H, Huvenne VAI, Kozachenko M, Olu-Le Roy K, Opderbecke J (2007) Morphology and environment of cold-water coral carbonate mounds on the NW European margin, Int. J. Earth Sci. 96, pp  37-56.
  • Wienberg C, Hebbeln D, Fink HG, Mienis F, Dorschel B, Vertino A, Correa ML, Freiwald A (2009) Scleractinian cold-water corals in the Gulf of Cadiz – First clues about their spatial and temporal distribution.

Leave a Reply