References

 

Bennet, B.A., Smith, C.R., Glaser,B., Maybaum, H.L., 1994: Faunal community structure of a chemoautotrphic assemblage on whale bones in the deep northeast Pacific Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress series, 108:205-223

Braby, C.E., Rouse, G.W., Johnson, S.B., Jones, W.J., Vrijenhoek, R.C., 2007: Bathymetric and temporal variation among osedac boneworms and associated megafauna on whale falls in the Monteray Bay California.  Deep sea Research, 54: 1773-1791

Glover, A.G., Higgs, N.D., Bagley, P.M., Carlsson, R., Davies, A.J., Kemp, K.M., Last, K.S., Rosenberg, R., Wallen, K.A., Kallstrom, B., Dahlgren, T.G., 2010: A live video observatory reveals temporal processes of a shelf depth whale fall. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 51: 375-381

Dahlgren, T.G., Wiklund, H., Kallstrom, B., Lundalv, T., Smith, C.R., Glover, A.G., 2006: A shallow water whale fall experiment in the North Atlantic. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 47: 385- 389

Feldman, R.A., Shank, T.M., Black, M.B., Baco, A,R., Smith C.R., Vrijenhoek, R.C., 1998: Vestimentiferans on a whale fall. Biology Bulletin, 194: 116-119

Fuliwara, Y., Kawato, M., Yamamoto, T., Yamanaka, T., Sato-okoshi, W., Noda, C., Tsuchida, S., Komai, T., Cubelio, S.S., Sasaki, T., Jacobsen, K., Kubokawak, K., Fujikura, K., Maryuyama, T., Furushina, Y., Okoshi, K., Miyake, H., Miyazaki, M., Nogi, Y., Yatabe, A., Okutani, T., 2006: Three year investigation into sperm whale fall ecosystems in Japan.  Marine Ecology, 28: 219-232

Goffredi, S.K., Paull, C.K., Fulton- Bennett, K., Hurtado, L.A., Vrijenhoek, R.C., 2004: Unusual benthic fauna associated with a whale fall in Monteray Canyon, California. Deep Sea Research. 51: 1295-1306

Kemp, K.M., Jamieson, A.J., Bagley, P.M., McGrath, H., Bailey, D.M., Collins, M.A., Priede, I.G., 2006: Consumption of a large bathyal food fall: a six month study in the NE Atlantic. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 310: 65-76

Priede, I.G., Smith, K.L., Armstrong, J.D., 1990: Foraging behaviour of abyssal grenadier fish: inferences from acoustic tagging and tracking in the North Pacific. Deep Sea Research, 37: 81-101

Rouse, G.W., Goffredi, S.K., Vrijenhoek, R.C., 2004: Osedax: bone eating marine worms with dwarf males.  Science, 305: 668-671

Smith, C.R., Kukert, T., Wheatcroft, R.A., Junars, P.A., Deming, J.W., 1989: Vent fauna on whale remains.  Nature, 341: 27-28

Smith, C.R., Maybaum, H.L., Baco, A.R., Pope, R.H., Carpenter, S.D., Yager, P.L., Macko, S.A., Deming, J.W., 1998: Sediment community structure around a whale skeleton in the deep Northeast Pacific: Macrofaunal, microbial and bioturbation effects. Deep Sea Research part II, 45: 335-364

Smith, C.R., Baco, A.R., Glover, A.G., 2002: Faunal Succesion on replicate deep sea whale falls, timescales and vent affinities. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 43: 293-297

Smith, C.R., Baco, A.R., 2003: Ecology of whale falls at the deep sea floor. Oceanography and Marine Biology, An Annual Revie, 41: 311-354

Yang, M.S., 1999: Diet of Pacific sleeper shark Somniasus pacificus, in the Gulf of Alaska.  Fish Bulletin, 97: 406-409

Figure 1. http://www.mbari.org/seminars/2002/winter2002/mar27_smith.html

Figure 2.http://www.mnh.si.edu/exhibits/ocean_hall/cutting_room.html

Figure 3. http://www.sortroom.net/2004/11/pacific-sleeper-shark/

Figure 4. http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/labs/biomaterials/slime.html

Figure 5. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/03/0330_060330_deep_fish.html

Figure 6. http://www.deepseaphotography.com/vent_animals.html

Figure 7. http://www.nocleansinging.com/2010/05/10/the-osedax/

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